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What is hyperpigmentation and how to get rid of it ?

As a part of the increased attention to maintaining a healthy lifestyle, we are becoming more aware of our appearance and our desire to remain young and beautiful for as long as possible. It is important to understand what makes our skin appear tired, wrinkled, and uneven toned. Our skin is our business card, so guarding it and using proper skin care is of utmost importance in delaying natural skin aging.

Hyper-pigmentation - what is it?

As a part of the aging process, sometimes dark spots appear on the skin which degrade the skin's natural vitality. Skin hyper pigmentation (also named "pigmentation") is mostly caused by excess production of melanin.

Hyper-pigmentation is caused by prolonged exposure to the sun's rays, hormonal changes, medicine use, scars, laser treatments, skin trauma, skin inflammation or other skin injuries, including those related to acne vulgaris. People of darker Asian, Mediterranean, or African skin are also more prone to hyper pigmentation, especially if they have excess sun exposure.

 This aging phenomenon is more common in sunny places like California. Though usually appearing on the face, spots can also appear on the hands and neck and give the skin an uneven, mottled tone.

Melanin, a class of pigment responsible for producing color in the body in the eyes, skin, and hair is produced by melanocytes. As the body ages, melanocyte distribution becomes less diffuse and its regulation is less controllable. UV light stimulates melanocyte activity in areas of dense cell concentration as compared to the surrounding areas. Another form of hyper pigmentation is post-inflammatory hyper-pigmentation. These are dark, discolored spots appearing at sites of healed acne.

The spots found in external layers of the skin are easier to resolve and treat than those found in internal layers of the skin which require more intensive and profound treatment.

How and when to remove or fade pigmentation spots ?

Usually, it is advisable to treat hyper-pigmentation during the winter when the skin is less exposed to the sun. In order to prevent expansion of hyper pigmentation and to get rid of the spots completely, it is important to totally avoid sun exposure, otherwise the treatment is ineffective.  Prior to beginning treatment it is important to ascertain that the spots are in fact hyperpigmentation since dark spots have various sources; for example, a spot can be a fungus caused by dehydration.

If you are not sure which type of spot you have, send us a photo of the spot and we'll tell you.  Be aware that not all pigmentation spots react the same to treatment.

One possible treatment is IPL treatment which is suitable for spots on the face and hands, but needs to be done with caution since over-treatment can lead to tissue damage and scaring. Treatment consists of a series of short skin therapy performed by a doctor until the spots disappear or fade. The light ray used neutralizes the Melanin that is responsible for the discoloration.

Another option used by estheticians is a roller which promotes Collagen and Elastin production. Treatment must be performed on a weekly base in order to achieve the desired results. The process can also be done at home.   

Topical Treatment - Professional lotions and creams for treating hyperpigmentation at the clinic or the home are available.

Prevention is always better than treating the appearance of problems afterwards.

-        Take good care of your skin on daily basis. Every day use of a cleanser and a good moisturizer helps keep the skin even-toned and healthy.

-        Avoid the sun as much as possible. During the summer use sunscreen regularly and reapply every couple of hours.

How Perfect Treatment  products can help reduce dark spots ?

Perfect Treatment has developed a unique kit for lightening the skin that includes a lightening serum, a lightening cream, and Serum Vitamin C that is enriched with antioxidants. All three products work synchronously to produce spot lightening. The products include high concentration of the best skin lightening ingredients for. Also, peeling creams help exfoliate the skin and renew cells, both of which contribute to spot lightening.

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